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::Assalamualaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatu:::Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessings::

Thursday, April 27, 2006

'Amr bin Al-'Aas - Conqueror of Egypyt

Assalamualaykum warahmatullah wabarakatu,Bismillah Hirah'manir Raheem.
Allahuma Sali'ala sayidina Muhammadin nabiyil ummi wa 'Ala ali wa sahbihi wa salim
I apologise for the lack of updating on this blog, I have exams on the way so most of my time will be spent studying for those. However I have taken some time out to post about the famous Sahabaa 'Amr bin Al-'Aas radiAllahu ta'ala anha, he was the conqueror of Egypt (Masr) and established a stronge Islamic state there.

Before his acceptance to Islam
Before his acceptance to Islam, 'Amr bin Al-'Aas was one of the most bitterest enemies of Islam. He would use all his time and effort to tease the muslims and create hardships for them in Makkah. He was from a very wealthy background and known to have shown signs of being clever from a young age in his society; he also had several close relationships with governors and Kings around the Arabian Peninsula.
When he heard of the muslims settling in Al-Madinah he threatened their business' and decided to attack them. He gathered an army of 1000 men organised with the help of the Quraish with the intention of getting rid of Islam and all the muslims. He lost all his shrewdness and cunning when he was in battle, and was defeated by the muslim army at the Battle of Badr.
During the Battle of Khandaq (aka Battle of the trench) he gathered all the people that disliked the muslims and raised an army of 10,000 soldiers. He led the army and found a wide trench to prevent him from entering the town of his enemies. His army spent several days trying to enter the city over the trench, however they failed and left in humiliation.

Submission
'Amr bin Al-'Aas tried all efforts to abolish Islam and the muslims, however it was through the Mercy of Allah subhana wa ta'ala that this did not happen. After the Battle of Khandaq 'Amr bin Al-'Aas felt that Islam was not something that had been created by Muhammad salialahualay hi wassalam, and felt that he wanted to change his mind and join the muslims, however his arrogance detained (for a while). He confided in the King of Abyssinia about his situation and was astonished to learn that the King has embraced Islam. After he left Abyssinia he realized that Muhammad salialahualayhi wassalam was proclaiming the truth. When he returned to Makkah he saw how trustworthy and honest the Beloved Prophet of Allah really was. He wanted to seek the Prophet salialahualayhi wassalam's help, and repeatedly asked himself why he had kept himself from Islam.
He made the decision to migrate to Al-Madinah and on his way there he found Khalid bin al-Waleed and Uthmaan bin Talhah, he understood that they too were ready to embrace Islam. He arrived in Al-Madinah on the ninth of Safar on 8th Hijrah. As soon as they arrived, they went to the mosque where the Prophet of Allah salialahualayhi wassalam was preaching to his followers. He advanced towards the prophet salialahuakayhi wassalam and was afraid, however the prophet salialahualayhi wassalam warmly embraced him. He ('Amr bin Al-'Aas radiAllahu tala anha) embraced Islam there in the presence of the Propeht of Allah salialahualayhi wassalam. 'Amr bin Al-'Aas radiAllahu ta'ala anha felt humiliated and asked the Prophet salialahualahi wasslam to pray to Allah for forgiveness, however he learnt the being a new muslim erased his past sins. He was shown how to pray by the Sahabaa radiallahu ta'ala anhum. During his time spent with the Beloved Messenger of Allah salialahualayhi wassalam his heart was filled with warmth, love and admiration for him.

Journey to Egypt
Under the rule of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab radiallahu ta'ala anhu, 'Amr bin Al-'Aas radiAllahu ta'ala anhu was very interested in conquereing Egypt, and encouraged him to march there. 'Umar bin Al-khattab gave him permission and sent an army of four thousand soldiers and prayed that Allah to make the aid him in making the right choice. He successfuly conquered Egypt and established the city of Al-Fustat(south of Cairo) as the base of his rule. He expelled the Romans who had treated the people of Egypt unjustly and instead the people with justice and kindness. These acts of kindness made people accept Islam and he was ordered to rule Egypt. He did his best to develop the country and the way of life of people. He built many cities, developed agriculture, paved roads, water facilities and built many mosques. He built the first mosque in Egypt and can be seen below. He put alot of his wealth into spreading the message of Islam and considered his wealth to be a blessing from Allah subhana wa ta'ala. He tried to make sure that the peasants who had been treated harshly by the Romans should receive land that the Romans had exploited from them.
pic: 'Amr bin Al-'Aas mosque in Cairo, the first mosque ever to be built in Egypt:









Please keep me in your humble duaas, wassalamualaykum warahmatullah.